Colposcopy

Colposcopy Specialist
For women receiving abnormal results from a Pap smear, a colposcopy is usually the follow-up test used to check into it. The doctors at Gemini OBGYN in Pembroke Pines and Weston, Florida, are skilled at the procedure, typically done in the office. If you’re due for a Pap smear, call today for an appointment.

Colposcopy Q & A

What is a colposcopy?

A colposcopy looks closely at the tissue of the cervix, vulva, and vagina to scan for visible signs of irregular cells. If any are noted, a biopsy of tissue is taken for testing. While it’s a common procedure, it can be stressful for the patient, due to the sensitive location of the procedure, as well as the unknowns about a potential health problem. While abnormal pap smears suggest cancer or precancerous conditions, that’s not all that a positive result can mean, so the colposcopy is simply the next diagnostic step, and not in itself a suggestion of active cancer. Cancer of the cervix takes years to develop and has easily detectable traits that start early.

Is a colposcopy risky?

Complications from a colposcopy are rare. The greatest risk of complication comes if a biopsy is taken, which happens only if suspicious tissue is apparent. Complications could include heavy bleeding, pelvic pain, and infection. Seek immediate medical attention, from Gemini OBGYN or an urgent care facility, if you experience any of these symptoms:

  •         Bleeding that’s heavier than a typical menstrual period
  •         Chills or fever
  •         Severe pelvic or abdominal pain

How do I prepare for a colposcopy?

For some women, the stress and anxiety prior to a colposcopy is the hardest part of preparation. Usually, the greater the patient’s anxiety, the more pain they experience during the procedure. Knowing what to expect may help reduce anxiety. Ask your Gemini OBGYN caregivers to explain what the procedure entails and what sensations you’ll feel as it’s performed. Write down your questions and concerns before to make sure you ask about everything that’s on your mind.

Preparing for the procedure itself is easy. Typically, you’ll be asked to:

  •         Avoid scheduling your procedure during your menstrual period
  •         Refrain from vaginal intercourse a day or two before
  •         Refrain from using any vaginal medications for at least two days before
  •         Refrain from tampon use for two days before
  •         Take over-the-counter pain medication prior to the procedure
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