There are several conditions and situations where the uterus becomes a liability to a woman’s health. Some of these conditions include:
Since hysterectomies end a woman’s ability to bear children, the procedure is usually avoided if the patient has alternatives.
A hysterectomy targets some or all a woman’s reproductive organs. A total hysterectomy removes the uterus and cervix, but leaves the fallopian tubes and ovaries intact, so much of the body’s natural hormonal production continues. A partial hysterectomy leaves the cervix intact, if there is no reason to remove it.
There are situations where the ovaries and fallopian tubes are removed along with the uterus. Hysterectomies can be performed either abdominally or vaginally.
Abdominal hysterectomies may be performed conventionally through regular abdominal incisions or by using laparoscopic techniques, which use much smaller incisions. Laparoscopic hysterectomies, being less invasive, typically feature shorter recovery times.
Vaginal hysterectomies usually feature lower costs, shorter hospital stays, and faster recovery time. Vaginal hysterectomy may not be an option for a patient showing an enlarged uterus.
Depending on the condition being treated, all or only part of the uterus may be removed. Sometimes, the cervix is left intact. Whenever possible, leaving the ovaries and fallopian tubes minimizes the hormonal impact of hysterectomy, but in certain cases, these must also be removed along with the uterus.